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How to Prevent Your Puppy From Mouthing and Nipping

If you've ever watched a group of puppies play, you know they can really roughhouse at times. This can include a number of behaviors, including mouthing and nipping, which are separate and distinct.

Puppy mouthing is a more gentle form of placing their teeth and may be a prelude to nipping, depending on the pup's level of excitement. Generally, it is one of the ways a puppy explores its world and it may also be because the pup is teething. If your puppy is teething (which generally happens anywhere between the ages of 2 and 8 months), be sure and offer plenty of OK things to chew on such as ice cubes in warmer weather, an old washcloth that you've put in the freezer or a soft ball or toy. It's probably a good idea to avoid the harder chews during teething, such as rawhide.

If you don't want your pup to mouth you, keep a substitute chew available at all times. If your young dog starts mouthing, say "no" firmly and then immediately offer something that's acceptable to put in her mouth. You may need to push her head away as well if she doesn't give up. When she takes the proffered toy or other "chewy" praise her warmly and smile!

Nipping is the next stage past mouthing and many herding breeds such as the Australian Shepherd and Border Collie do this naturally. Your goal is to teach your puppy that putting any pressure on your skin or clothing with their sharp teeth is unacceptable.
Start by doing what other dogs do when a pup nips - yelp loudly! - as this sound indicates displeasure. Then you can do one of several things: Begin by putting your pup in a time out for 5 to 10 minutes with no physical contact with you. Let him out and if he nips again, say "no nipping" or "no biting" in a louder than usual voice and shake him a couple of times by the scruff of the neck. (Do not do this too roughly - you are warning your pup to stop and this is often what adult dogs do. The goal is not to hurt but to warn.) You may want to follow this with another time out or even a growling sound to let your pup know that you really are upset. Repeat as necessary, being consistent with your words and actions.

Make sure that the nipping is not just the result of boredom or lack or regular daily exercise. Puppies sleep a lot but when they wake up, they are raring to go! Engage in some fun play every day with your pup such as hide and seek, and you can also divert their attention by starting to work on some simple training techniques. Fetch might be a good place to start if your young dog loves to place things in her mouth. But training of any kind (sit, come, stay) will help her re-focus her attention elsewhere.

Most unwanted canine behaviors can be corrected with patience and consistency. Be firm, not rough in setting your boundaries and make sure your pup gets what he needs: good food, fun, training, love and exercise. Your investment of time early on will reap benefits for the rest of his life!

Deborah Dobson, FizzNiche Staff Writer